How to draw a still life
How to draw a still life, let's start with a simple, maybe from the preparatory stage and gradually come to drawing the still life itself. At this stage, for a better understanding of what we are doing, I suggest a few of the following exercises. You're not the only still life to paint, and certainly not for speed, aren't you? You do need good knowledge that can give a good practical basis, right? Then consider the topic, how to draw a still life with these exercises.
Development of proportional vision abilities through a comparative analysis of volumes:
Find the bottles, the cans, no matter what, just not very complicated. Arrange them in a row of four or six and train the eye. Try to analyze the height and width of each item and their relationship to each other. At first, you can draw only contours. All items are drawn on the subject plane. Like this:
The development of the capabilities of proportional vision through a comparative analysis of volumes, if it is simpler to say, then this is the development of our observational perspective with our eye. Read more on how to develop an eye.
Make a picture of a crumpled sheet of paper, cardboard, with an analysis of the fracture planes. Notice that each face resembles the face of a cube. When you understand this, the task does not seem complicated. This exercise is very useful for the development of the eye. Like this:
We consider this task in more detail here- drawing a crumpled sheet of paper.
The next task is more difficult:
Put a still life with geometric objects or simple still life with arbitrary objects. So with the help of lines and additional shading you try to catch the proportions of objects, the distance between them. Follow the laws of perspective; all lines will converge at the point of descent; do not draw it, make it appear.
If you draw, for example, a stool, first find the general shape of the object. It is a cube. After all the faces and sides have been found, you can make a detailed analysis of jumpers, etc., which will harmoniously fit into our cube-stool. (This is done in the way we studied in the basics of drawing Part 2)
Use in a still life drapery. Notice how it's lay down on the subject and repeats its shape. Make accents at the intersection of forms.
How to draw a still life
So we smoothly switched to drawing the still life itself. But now you are more prepared to perceive the material well. We draw a still
life with the placement of the composition in the sheet (see the composition in the figure).
We catch the character of the still-life, whether it is elongated, or wide. Be sure to take into account the subject plane, because all
the objects lie on it, and do not hang in the air. We find the boundaries of the still life in the sheet, retreating from the top of the
sheet 10 centimeters, 7 centimeters on each side, 3 cm from the bottom. Do not be in a hurry, the main thing is to start correctly in order
not to "bungle" all the work later. Do not hurry, because now we find the basic proportional proportions of the still-life:
When, taking into account the proportions, you have defined the boundaries of the still life in the sheet, it’s time to find the boundaries and proportional relations of each object separately. We set proportions by three points. Do not begin to draw the details of a still life, lay down hatching. If later you notice that somewhere you have not caught the proportions, you will have to erase everything that you highlighted there. As a result, the work at the very beginning will be overwritten and it is unknown what will be at the end:
If you did everything right, take a break, drink some tea, in a word, do something not to look at the work and let your eyes rest. Believe me, in 20-30 minutes you will see what you have not seen before. If you find a mistake somewhere, correct it, it is not too late. If everything is in order, we go further.
When each piece of your still-life is found in the sheet, look at the composition: each object carries geometric shapes or a combination of them. Draw each object more clearly, understanding that each object bears in itself the basis of some geometric shape. Draw with perspective. There is no need to overdo it with the pressure of the pencil. Draw with graphite T, TM pencil so that the drawing is transparent and clean.
Let's lay hatching:
Next we proceed to the hatching. Determine where in our still life is light and shadow. Now we do not need halftones. The light is not touched, and the shadow with all the semitones is shaded with a pencil. Don't blacken, otherwise you won't have enough pencil strength for the last darkest falling shadows.
After we have identified the light and shadow, it's time to remember all the exercises that we studied in the basic section of the figure.
We lay down the shading on the subject, where the light and shadow will be distributed according to the shape of the object.
Items that are far away will appear softer according to the perspective. The foreground should be highlighted.
If this is difficult, then return to the page of the main picture and repeat everything again. Basically, you should have this:
And here's more information on drawing a still life: how to draw a still life, the second part.